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TODO: add information about intersex people.

For facial feminization surgery, we have a separate page.

Table of contents

We oppose penile inversion technique (MtF vaginoplasty)

TransChat recommends not having surgery done using the penile inversion technique, for these reasons:

There are other, superior methods


No matter where you get your surgery, make sure that you have decent care after surgery, to help you recover. If you’re doing it overseas, you might need to stay in that foreign country for a few weeks before returning home (in some cases, it could be just 1 week or a few days before being able to continue recovery at home). After surgery (any surgery) you need time for your body to heal, and you will be in pain for a while.

Stimulation (trans people with penises)

Some people say that, prior to surgery, you should flex/stimulate your penis regularly. This means making it become erect, and stretching it when it’s not erect. Some people believe that this is necessary, otherwise the penis would eventually become not as flexible and would make surgery less effective. Basically pull your penis and stretch it as much as possible, and make it erect a few times each week at minimum.

If this is true, it’s important to mention, because a lot of people with penises (trans women and non-binary) don’t like touching their genitals. This is especially important while on HRT, which makes it less easy to get erect (it’s common for trans women on HRT for even a few months, to stop getting spontaneous erections, where they go days or even a whole week or more without becoming erect).

We’re not sure about this, it’s just word of mouth. We need to research this, to confirm.

New Zealand

Read this article. New Zealand has no surgeons at all at the moment, for MtF, FtM on non-binary surgeries. If you live in New Zealand, you will have to travel overseas and use a foreign surgeon. We’re adding more surgeons to this page, as and when we find good ones.

You *can* get surgery done in Australia or Thailand. These countries are within easy travel distance to you. TODO: add information about surgery in Thailand and Australia. Thailand in particular has good services, some of the best in the world.

New Zealand needs surgeons for transgender surgeries! It is unacceptable that it does not have any qualified surgeons! If you are studying to be a surgeon, you should definitely consider studying this and becoming qualified. You will literally be saving lives.

Surgery for trans women

List of surgeries available: this link has a very indepth list of surgeries available to trans men

TODO: incorporate info on that link to TransChat

List of surgeons

Note for trans women: none of these surgeons perform penile inversion technique, for vaginoplasty. They use other, superior methods which result in better depth, sensation and, most importantly, ability to self-lubricate, without the need for external lubricant liquids. You also don’t need genital hair removal, for the surgeries that these surgeons perform.

This is why we don’t list any UK surgeons, or indeed most European surgeons, because we are not currently aware of any that use non-penile inversion techniques. See #penile-inversion for an explanation of why we are against the penile inversion technique. has their own lists of surgeons, including other advice like how to afford surgery, etc - they might recommend surgeons that perform penile inversion there, so do beware. Integrate info from that site, onto the TransChat site



Thailand (Bangkok)

Trachea shave (adams apple size reduction)

Cis women also have adams apples, but they’re usually not as large. Some people who transition decide to have their trachea reduced in size. Not all people need this.

TODO: add more information about this, including information about surgeons.


The testicles are what product testosterone. People born with testicles take antiandrogens before GRS. It’s possible to have the testicles removed, even before GRS. It’s advisable to use a surgeon who will remove the testicles themselves but leave the scrotum skin intact so that it can be used for surgery.

With testicles removed, someone who was born with them will stop taking antiandrogens, since their body is no longer naturally producing high levels of testosterone.

This type of surgery should be available at most hospitals, but do do your research before having it done. TODO: add information about surgeons here.

You need to maintain a minimal level of estradiol after orchi, to prevent oesteoporosis. Make sure to take estradiol (as HRT) but without an antiandrogen (avoid spiro, cypro, GnRH, etc) after having an orchi. Estradiol (as HRT) is also required for preventing menopause symptoms.

Voice feminization surgery

The larynx (voice box) increases in size during androgen puberty and vibrates at a much lower pitch (when your voice breaks during puberty). Voice feminization surgery aims to increase natural voice pitch by reversing some of this. Voice training is still required, even with voice surgery, and voice surgery is optional. You can still get to a high, typically female pitch in every day conversations, without surgery. Some people get surgery anyway, and it can benefit some people.

Stories of trans women who have had bottom surgery

Surgery for trans men

List of surgeries available:

Bottom surgery

For construction of a penis.

TODO: add info about top surgeons, for removing breasts

Surgery for non-binary trans people

Trans Bucket {trans-bucket}

TODO: research

Some people have gender nullification surgery to make their genitals genderless.

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